When installing cabling in walls and ceilings it is important to use cables that meet the local code requirements. Local codes are typically based on the National Electric Code (NEC) published by the National Fire Protection Association. The NEC contains a large amount of information and covers a wide variety of electrical installations. The majority of the NEC document is devoted to electrical power installations, but it also covers the installation of other cabling that is integrated into a building's structure in any way.
The requirements in the NEC are designed to prevent hazards to human health and safety from wiring including electrical shock, the tendency to start or perpetuate a fire, and the production of toxic fumes when exposed to fire. The NEC provides classification standards for cables with jackets that are suitable for reducing these risks, i.e. CL2, or Class 2. Almost all of these cable ratings permit in–wall installation per the NEC. In–wall cabling is typically sufficient for residential installations. The NEC also covers specialized cabling that is designed to be installed within a plenum or a riser in a structure.
A plenum, under Article 100 of the NEC, is a compartment or chamber to which one or more air ducts are connected and that forms part of the air distribution system. Plenum spaces are primarily seen in commercial environments. An example of the most common types of plenum spaces would be a dropped ceiling or raised floor. Most homes do not have significant plenum spaces, so plenum cabling is rarely a concern for residential installations. To receive a plenum rating the cabling is required to use material in the construction of the jacket and dielectric which do not easily give off toxic fumes if burned. The reason for this is that if there is a fire in one part of the building then toxic fumes could be fed to the remainder of the building through the ventilation system. The term riser applies to a space that is not specifically defined in the NEC, but is a requirement for cabling that will penetrate from one floor of a building to another.
|CMP||All in-wall, plenum and riser applications.|
|CMR, CL3R, CL2R||All in-wall and riser applications; not permitted in plenums.|
|CM, CMG, CL2||In-wall rated; permitted in 1-2 family residential riser applications, or in riser with raceway/fireproof shaft; not permitted in plenums.|
|Rating||Description||May be substituted for:||Other ratings that will satisfy the requirement:|
|CMP||Communications, Plenum||CL3P, CL2P, CATVP, CMR, CL2R, CL3R, CATVR, CM, CMG, CL2, CL3, CATV, CMX, CL2X, CL3X, CATVX||None|
|CATVP||Cable TV, Plenum||CATVR, CATV, CATVX||CMP|
|CL3P||Class 3, Plenum||CL2P, CL3R, CL2R, CL3, CL2, CL2X, CL3X||CMP|
|CL2P||Class 2, Plenum||CL2R, CL2, CL2X||CMP, CL3P|
|CMR||Communications, Riser||CL3R, CL2R, CATVR, CM, CMG, CL3, CL2, CATV, CMX, CL2X, CL3X, CATVX||CMP|
|CATVR||Cable TV, Riser||CATV, CATVX||CMP, CATVP, CMR|
|CL3R||Class 3, Riser||CL2R, CL3, CL2, CL3X, CL2X||CMP, CL3P, CMR|
|CL2R||Class 2, Riser||CL2, CL2X||CMP, CL3P, CMR, CL3R|
|CM or CMG||Communications||CL3, CL2, CATV, CL3X, CL2X, CATVX||CMP, CMR|
|CATV||Cable TV||CATVX||CMP, CATVP, CMR, CATVR, CM, CMG|
|CL3||Class 3||CL2, CL3X, CL2X||CMP, CL3P, CMR, CL3R, CM, CMG|
|CL2||Class 2||CL2X||CMP, CL3P, CL2P, CMR, CL3R, CL2R, CM, CMG, CL3|
|CMX||Communications, Residential||CL3X, CL2X, CATV||CMP, CMR, CM, CMG|
|CATVX||Cable TV, Residential||None||CMP, CATVP, CMR, CATVR, CM, CMG, CATV, CMX|
|CL3X||Class 3, Residential||CL2X||CMP, CL3P, CMR, CL3R, CM, CMG, CL3, CMX|
|CL2X||Class 2, Residential||None||CMP, CL3P, CL2P, CMR, CL3R, CL2R, CM, CMG, CL3, CL2, CMX, CL3X|
This white paper is for informational purposes only and is subject to change without notice. C2G makes no guarantees, either expressed or implied, concerning the accuracy, completeness or reliability of the information found in this document.